Early Childhood Care and Education: ‘The Elephant in the Room’ No More

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in India is enshrined in the Constitution and mandated under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act 2009. Yet, its implementation remains tentative for many reasons, primary of which is the absence of a clear government guideline regarding which Ministry is tasked with policymaking and implementation. This brief attempts to offer an answer for the government. It examines the concept of ECCE under the Constitution and the RTE Act, and identifies the Ministry that should be given the duty of ECCE implementation. It highlights the renewed aspirations towards ECCE, as reflected in the National Education Policy of 2020.

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