The Future of News in India
Sustaining credible print journalism and orienting digital news to the public good
Summary: This report develops a roadmap of legal reforms to facilitate the transition of high-quality print journalism into the era of digital communications in a manner that furthers the public good.
The news industry today stands at a vital crossroads. The worsening economic health of print journalism threatens its ability to credibly inform the public and act as an institutional check upon power. The environment of digital news, on the other hand, operates in a vacuum of regulation. The emergence of a post-truth paradigm in public communications and the widespread proliferation of misinformation are barriers to realising the benefits of digital news distribution. Vidhi’s new report ‘The Future of News in India: Sustaining Credibility in an Age of Digital Transformation’ aims to ensure that high-quality journalism can transition into the era of digital communications in a manner that aligns with the public good. The report examines the digital transformation of the Indian news environment from a regulatory perspective.
1. News and the internet: An inquiry into how the print news industry has evolved in the internet era.
2. News on the internet: An analysis of the state of news on digital mediums such as online websites, social media platforms, and news aggregators.
Recommendations of the report are geared towards:
1. Sustaining credible print journalism
2. Orienting digital news to the public good
1. Institutional reforms: The Ministry of Information & Broadcasting’s Department of Audio-Visual Promotion (DAVP) is a crucial node in channelling state support to newspapers in the form of advertisements. The department must be provided institutional autonomy from bureaucratic control, and measures to bring about transparency and accountability should be introduced. This would channel state support to newspapers in an equitable and transparent manner.
2. Checking the dominance of online advertising platforms: The advertisement-revenue model for digital news may be displaying indications of market failure. To orient the market for digital news towards the public good, the role and practices of online advertising platforms must be systematically studied by a specialised authority. An investigation by the Competition Commission of India into the dominance of online advertising platforms could be a starting point.
3. Enacting comprehensive light-touch measures to address misinformation: The entire chain of misinformation needs to be addressed in order to effectively tackle the crisis of misinformation. The report suggests a range of legislative, co-regulatory and voluntary measures which provide an integrated framework to prevent the spread of misinformation and enhance reader literacy.
4. Imposing appropriate responsibilities on digital news entities: The legal vacuum for digital news needs to be filled in a manner which is sensitive to the nuances of online discourse. The report recommends granting limited powers to the Press Council of India, in conjunction with a voluntary registration procedure and the development of a brief, accessible code of conduct as a mechanism for the imposition of editorial responsibility. The role of online platforms in the distribution of news should be addressed through targeted interventions based on the design aspects of such platforms.