a hammer and justice

Comments on the New Criminal Law Bills

On 11th of August 2023, three landmark Bills were tabled in the Lok Sabha. Brought to replace the colonial era Indian Penal Code, 1860, the Indian Evidence Act, 1872  and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, these Bills purport to transform India’s criminal justice system, eliminate signs of slavery, and lay the foundation of the criminal justice system in ‘justice’ and not ‘punishment’.

In this note, we examine the aims and objectives of the three Bills, the key provisions that have been introduced and make recommendations for suitable amendments to the Bills.

We rely primarily on our data backed understanding of the issues plaguing the criminal justice system, frameworks for principle based criminal law-making and international best practices for reforming criminal laws.

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