Submission to the High-Level Committee constituted by the Environment Ministry on strengthening the existing Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process

This Note responds to the call for public comments issued by the High-Level Committee (the ‘HLC’) constituted by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (the ‘MoEF’) to review the following environment acts- the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, and the Indian Forest Act, 1927.

The terms of reference of the HLC are very broad, and it is beyond the scope of this Note to undertake a detailed analysis of the working of all the abovementioned statutes. Instead, this Note makes a focused set of recommendations on reforming the Environmental Impact Assessment (the ‘EIA’) process in India.