Since the enactment of the Competition Act in 2002, the business milieu has changed considerably globally and in India. More and more businesses are now being run in the virtual world and newer models of business exist now which would have been inconceivable a decade ago. Given the intertwined relationship of competition law and the markets, in order for the law to remain relevant, it is imperative that it develops in line with market realities and revamps from time to time.
Almost 15 years have elapsed since the inception of the Competition Act and it is now an opportune time to take stock of its performance and devise a workable way forward. In this Report, we therefore, identify key structural and procedural issues in the Indian competition law framework and discuss relevant experiences from the European Union and Singapore, to understand how similar concerns are addressed by their regulatory frameworks. Drawing from these practices, we provide key recommendations to deal with these concerns in the Indian context. As India gears up to meet the challenges posed by a buoyant economy, it needs to cure these anomalies in its competition law framework to be able to fully reap the benefits of a thriving market-based economy.