Towards an Efficient and Effective Supreme Court

Reports by Judicial Reform · February 9, 2016
Author(s): Alok Prasanna, Ameen Jauhar, Nitika Khaitan and Faiza Rahman

Following up from Vidhi’s Consultation Paper on the Supreme Court’s Burgeoning Backlog released last year on the functioning of the Supreme Court of India, Vidhi has gathered data of about 49000 cases relating to 2014 which provides a glimpse into the functioning of the Supreme Court. This data shows the preponderance of Special Leave Petitions in the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction, the relatively high likelihood of the Supreme Court entertaining such matters and the disproportionate contribution of the Central Government in certain kinds of litigation.

We had also spoken to and consulted with stakeholders about the problems being faced by the Supreme Court in its functioning and solicited their opinions on the suggestions being put forth by Vidhi. Their views and feedback on the research presented in the consultation paper and suggestions for reform have informed this particular report.

While creating a National Court of Appeals may not be a feasible solution in light of the challenges of passing constitutional amendments and testing it against the basic structure doctrine, there are nevertheless a range of measures which may be undertaken by the Court to mitigate its backlog problem and bring its constitutional functions to the fore. This report lists out all these suggestions and how they should be implemented by the Court.

The raw data which has been collected as part of this Paper is available here. We request you to duly credit Vidhi if you use this data in your research.

Download the full report on Towards an Efficient and Effective Supreme Court

About Alok Prasanna:

Alok Prasanna Kumar is Senior Resident Fellow and Team Lead, Vidhi Karnataka. His areas of research include Judicial Reforms, Constitutional law, Urban Development, and Law and Technology. He graduated with a B.A. LL.B. (Hons) from the NALSAR University in 2008 and obtained the BCL from the University of Oxford in 2009. He writes a monthly column for the Economic and Political Weekly and has published in the Indian Journal of Constitutional Law and National Law School of India Review apart from media outlets such as The Hindu, Indian Express, Scroll, Quint and Caravan. He has practiced in the Supreme Court and Delhi High Court from the chambers of Mr Mohan Parasaran, and currently also co-hosts the Ganatantra podcast on IVM Podcasts.

About Ameen Jauhar:

Ameen is a Senior Resident Fellow at Vidhi, and is leading advocacy for the JALDI mission, which is a collaboration between Vidhi and Tata Trust. His work at Vidhi deals with judicial reforms and access to justice issues in India. Ameen is interested in furthering evidence-based policy, following which he recently completed his master’s programme from the Institute of Education (University College London), focusing on the use of research evidence in policy processes, and was awarded an MSc. with an overall distinction. Before this, he completed his undergraduate legal studies from the W.B. National University of Juridical Sciences [B.A. LL.B. (Hons.)] in 2012. Prior to Vidhi, Ameen worked at J. Sagar Associates, in the firm’s regulatory and policy team. He has practised in the Supreme Court of India, the Delhi High Court, and numerous tribunals. Link to full bio

About Nitika Khaitan:

About Faiza Rahman: